The rise in population has led to diverse changes in the environment. The increase in the quantities of waste is one such change, that has been imposing enormous pressure on the environment and social health of the cities. The authorities face challenges to implement a perfect solution to control waste produced in the cities.
Large amount of organic solid waste are being generated in our homes and nearby industrial units, hospitals etc, every day. Inadequate organic solid waste formation in each area results in foul smell and breeds various types of insects and diseases. Industrial wastes are highly toxic and hazardous that cause the physicochemical and biological characteristics of the land and contaminate the ground water. The food waste, vegetable & fruits waste, abattoir waste produced from residence, slaughter house, factories, agricultural, hospitals etc are considered as organic solid waste. These solid wastes can be treated using incineration disposal method that are subject to composting and convert it into residue and gaseous products which can be used for cultivation manner.
The composting plants use Bio Thermic Digester which is a biological process in which micro-organisms, mainly fungi and extremophilic bacteria, convert degradable organic waste like , food waste from hotels/ restaurants, vegetable wastes from markets & packing industries, fruits & vegetable wastes, abattoir waste into humus like substance. This finished product, which looks like soil, is high in carbon and nitrogen and is an excellent medium for growing plants. The BTD & Raptors effectively reduce 95% of the volume by digestion of the organic waste using bacteria.
Most of the government, private sector & residents have developed composting plants in major areas. This enabled better organic solid waste disposal in cities and improved urban environment & quality of lives.