Rapid growth of population added a pressure to the environment and social health of the cities. The authorities are facing challenges to implement a perfect solution to control waste produced in the cities. It is becoming uncontrollable fact for municipalities to manage the productions of waste generated in residential and industrial areas.
Day after day huge lumps of organic solid waste has been generated in our homes and nearby industrial units, hospitals etc. Inadequate organic solid waste formation in each area results in foul smell and breeds various types of insects and diseases. Industrial wastes are of highly toxic and hazardous that cause the physicochemical and biological characteristics of the land and contaminate the ground water. The food waste, vegetable & fruits waste, abattoir waste produced from residence, slaughter house, factories, agricultural, hospitals etc are considered as organic solid waste. These solid wastes can be treated using Incineration disposal method that are subjected to composting and convert to into residue and gaseous products which can be used for cultivation manner.
The composting plants are using Bio Thermic Digester which is a biological process in which micro-organisms, mainly fungi and extremophyllic bacteria, convert degradable organic waste like , food waste from hotels/ restaurants, Vegetable wastes from markets & packing industries, Fruits & vegetable wastes, Abattoir waste into humus like substance. This finished product, which looks like soil, is high in carbon and nitrogen and is an excellent medium for growing plants. The BTD & Raptors effectively reduce 95% of the volume by digestion of the organic waste using bacteria.
Most of the government, private sector & residents have developed composting plants in major areas. These facilitated to manage the organic solid waste in cities and improved urban environment & quality of lives of society.